The vastness and diversity of the landscape and life in Kerala is so huge, that you need to time everything perfectly. From exquisite coral reefs to the extensive mesh of river bodies, and from the splendid backwaters to the greenest valleys, Kerala has a vivid and varied topography that no other Indian state enjoys. The hill stations look misty and heavenly during the winter. Well, the beaches, don't really need any specific season; but winter is a much more happening time to spend around.
Tropical paradise is another name for Kerala and has as many as six national parks to look out for. To Explore the all the lands of these wildlife in Kerala, you need at least 4 to 5 days.
Located in the Nilgiri Hills in the Palakkad District of Kerala, The Silent Valley National Park rises abruptly to the Nilgiri Plateau in the North and overlooks the plains of Mannarkkad in the South. The reserve is also one of the most well-preserved habitats for tigers. Silent Valley is one of the most vibrant rainforest areas and houses an unbelievable number of unique species of flora and fauna.
The Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is among the most visited tourist destinations in Kerala. The entire sanctuary is covered with dry thorny scrub forest, deciduous forests, riparian types, sholas and grasslands that are interspersed within hillocks, plains, rocks and cliffs. Owing to the fact that this region receives less rainfall, the flora and fauna found here are mostly unique to the thorny vegetation.
The sanctuary is situated in the rain shadow area of the Western Ghats and therefore has almost a two-month long rainy season. In this deciduous forest, one can hope to spot the endangered Giant Grizzled Squirrel while enjoying a trek in the beautiful environs.
Just 10 kilometres from Munnar, It is an ideal place for seeing the biodiversity of high elevation shola-grassland ecosystem. The park offers a magnificent view of the tea plantations and also of the rolling hills caressed by blankets of mist. The park becomes a hot destination when the hill slopes get covered in a carpet of blue, resulting from the flowering of Neelakurinji. It is a plant endemic to this part of the Western Ghats which blooms once in twelve years.
Visitors are taken to Rajamalai in forest dept vehicles and given an opportunity to see all this. The National Park is usually closed at the time of calving of Nilgiri Tahr which is usually during the early months of every year.
The very sound of the word Periyar conjures up images of elephants, unending chains of hills and spice scented plantations. The Periyar Tiger Reserve of Thekkady is one of the finest wildlife reserves in India. Spread across the entire district are picturesque plantations and hill towns that hold great opportunities for treks and mountain walks.
Situated on the bank of Vembanad Lake in the backwaters of Kerala, this bird sanctuary is home to the largest number of migratory birds in India. Here, you can spot larks, herons, cuckoos, owls, the Siberian crane and a flycatcher.
Bird lovers can also take a boat trip to the nearby Kaipuzha Muttu, Pathiramanal, Narakathara, Thollayiram Kayal and Boothapandi Kayal to watch local birdlife and migrants which could easily be more than a hundred species.