Khandagiri Caves, one of the earliest groups of Jain rock-cut shelters, the caves of Khandagiri (Broken Hills) command a unique position in the filed of history, rock-cut architecture, art and religion. The Khandagiri hill rise abruptly from the coastal plain, about six km west of Bhubaneswar, separated by a highway.
The crest of Khandagiri on which Jaina temple stands, is 37.5 m high, 3.96 m higher than that of Udayagiri. The substance of the rock is coarse-grained sandstone of a varied texture. However, later on, these sandstones were duly exploited by the temple builders of Bhubaneswar during medieval period.