Best places to visit and things to do in India and South-East Asia
Tiger Hill, Darjeeling is the perfect place to witness the first rays of sun hitting the peaks of Kanchenjunga. It is one of the prime highlights of Darjeeling. Tiger Hill is placed on the summit of Ghoom, the highest railway station of Darjeeling and is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. You can adore the mesmerizing natural beauty of the hill with lush greenery all around and the thrilling ambiance of the Tiger Hill. You can enjoy the amazingly beautiful view of the highest peak of the world Mt Everest and also India’s highest and world’s third highest point Mt Kanchenjunga. You can hire from the number of jeeps and cars touring from Darjeeling to Tiger Hill every morning at 4 am. The pleasant weather of Darjeeling is also a plus point for this tourist place. People from all over the globe stop over this hill to relish the wonderful view and sunrise.
Ellora also known as Verul is an archaeological site 29 km north-west of the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra, built by the Rashtrakuta dynasty and Yadav. It is also known as Elapura in the Rashtrakuta Kannada literature.
The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state of India are about 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 or 650 CE
The entire temple is designed as a chariot with 24 wheels, pulled by 7 horses. Each of the 24 wheels of the temple act as sundials with markings to be accurate to less than a minute. The entire temple is also an astronomical device to measure time.
The Red Fort is one of the most prominent monuments of the world. Located in the heart of Delhi, this structure was the residence of the Mughals and also the political centre of the Mughal Empire. The Red Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2007. This is the most iconic tourist hotspot in Delhi. The gargantuan building was constructed by Shah Jahan in 1639. The thick defensive walls contain several turrets and platforms, which were planned for an impregnable defence. Crafted with the beautiful floral patterns and massive domes adorn this piece of architecture. The famed Diwan-i-Aam and Diwan-i-Khas are located inside this complex. The famous speech ‘Tryst with Destiny’ was delivered by Jawaharlal Nehru in the Red Fort on the eve of India’s independence from British rule.
Humayun’s Tomb, where the Mughal Emperor Humayun was buried. This tomb was constructed by Humayun’s Empress Bega Begum in 1569. This site was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993. Many Mughals were buried in this complex in the later years, including Bega Begum herself. The tomb lies on the banks of the Yamuna River, and was the first structure to use red sandstone on such a large scale. The tomb is surrounded by gardens on all sides with paved walkways diving it into four quadrants. There are water pools linked by shallow water channels. The architecture style of Humayun’s Tomb is a blend of Persian and Indian styles. This mixture of styles came to be known as the Mughal style of architecture. This place is really peaceful with beautiful manicured lawns and awe-inspiring architecture. This is an art of the architecture and loved by every culture lovers.
Standing majestically in the heart of Palakkad is the ancient Palakkad Fort. One of the well preserved forts in South India, a visit to the location will take you through a tour of bravery and courage of the medieval era. This fort was built to honour the legendary King Tipu Sultan known as the “Lion of Mysore”, due to his valour. The fort is of unique tourism significance where the battle between British and the local Kings took place. The brick walled structure with strong fortresses is an architectural marvel you can revel in. The grounds of the fort were used as stables – Kota Maidan in the earlier times. The fort also houses a Hanuman Temple and a martyr’s column, which attract number of tourists. The fort has scenic splendour and is an abode of natural beauty.
Silathoranam, a Natural arch and a distinctive geological wonder is located in Tirumala Hills at a distance of 1 km from Tirumala Venkateswara Temple. The Arch measures 8 metres in width and 3 metres in height and is curved out of quartizite of Cuddapah Supergroup of Middle to Upper Proterozoic(1600 to 570 Ma) by waethering agents like water and wind. The rock formation is unique and presents a great view. There is also an old Shiva temple reachable through a small trek across a small pond.
Qutab Minar is a soaring, 73 m-high tower of victory, built in 1193 by Qutab-ud-din Aibak immediately after the defeat of Delhi’s last Hindu kingdom. The Qutub Minar along with the Qutub complex, containing the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993. The Qutub Minar is composed of five storeys, with a spiral staircase leading to the top level. The view from the top is mesmerizing as the whole city of Delhi unfolds before you. The Iranian style structure contains numerous inscriptions carved onto it, primarily Arabic. Lots of floral designs adorn the minaret. This historical landmark attracts scores of tourists all around the world. Though the Qutub Minar was struck by lightning and suffered many wounds on its body, this minaret has withstood many generations and empires and still stands tall today, serving as a constant reminder to the beginning of Muslim rule in India and a new era in history. It is India’s most visited monument attracting around 3.9 million visitors every year.
Amber Fort is one of the most important tourist destination in Jaipur. This fort is also called as the Amer Palace or the Amer Fort. The Amber Fort and Palace was built from yellow and pink sandstone and white marble and is divided into four major sections, each having its own courtyard. The Amer Fort is about 6 centuries old and was built as a strong, safe haven against the attacking enemies. The paintings, interiors, carvings, precious stones and mirrors make this palace more stunning and magnificent. The main buildings inside the Amber Palace are Diwaan-e-Aam for the public, Sukh Niwaas for king and queens. The Sheesh Mahal of Amber Fort is the most famous and beautiful part of it. Many classic Bollywood movies like Mughal-e-Azam has been shot here. The entrance fee of Amber Fort is INR 10 to INR 550. Elephant Ride costs INR 1100 and the light shows in the Fort charges a nominal amount of INR 100- INR 200. The splendor of the palace is enhanced in the evening when the Palace is lit up.
Chandragiri Fort is the historical Fort located at Chandragiri, a suburb of Tirupati. The fort complex which was built in 11th Century in Indo-Sarcen style includes Rajmahal, Rani mahal, compound wall, ponds etc. The fort was constructed using stone, brick, lime mortar and devoid of timber. At present the Fort open for public and is under the control of Archaeological Survey of India.The Rajmahal is converted into an archaeological museum.
Udaygiri Jain Caves
Udayagiri Caves are partly natural and partly artificial caves of archaeological, historical and religious importance near the city of Bhubaneswar in Odisha, India. The caves is situated on Udayagiri hill. They have a number of finely and ornately carved caves. It is believed that most of these caves were carved out as residential blocks for Jain monks during the reign of King Kharavela. Udayagiri means “Sunrise Hill” and has 18 caves. The caves of Udayagiri called lena or leṇa in the inscriptions, were dug out mostly during the reign of Kharavela for the abode of Jaina ascetics. The most important of this group is Ranigumpha in Udayagiri which is a double storeyed monastery.
Khandagiri Caves, Bhubaneswar
Khandagiri Caves, one of the earliest groups of Jain rock-cut shelters, the caves of Khandagiri (Broken Hills) command a unique position in the filed of history, rock-cut architecture, art and religion. The Khandagiri hill rise abruptly from the coastal plain, about six km west of Bhubaneswar, separated by a highway. The crest of Khandagiri on which Jaina temple stands, is 37.5 m high, 3.96 m higher than that of Udayagiri. The substance of the rock is coarse-grained sandstone of a varied texture. However, later on, these sandstones were duly exploited by the temple builders of Bhubaneswar during medieval period.
Parashurameshvara Temple is considered as the best preserved specimen of an early Orissan Hindu temple dated to the Shailodbhava period between the 7th and 8th centuries CE. The temple is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva and is one of the oldest existing temples in the state. The temple is one among the Parashurameshvara group of temples. The temple is the first in Bhubaneswar to contain depictions of Saptamatrikas. Parashurashtami is the major festival celebrated in the temple during June–July every year.
The Tabo caves overlook the Spiti river which flows through the most serene and scenic valleys of the Spiti and Lahaul. The caves are the magnificent structures carved out as caves in the cliff above the ancient Tabo monastery. Known as Tabo caves these were constructed to be used as assembly halls by the monks. These caves served as a haven for Buddhist monks thousands of years ago. As you stand near one of these caves a serene and peaceful calm engulfs you. This place is like an oasis of peace in an otherwise barren landscape. From these caves you can see a panoramic view of the village and the mud monastery with the mighty Himalayas providing the perfect backdrop to the beautiful surroundings. There are many caves built in here. Some of them are well developed with well defined walls and smooth floor. The entrance to these caves is narrow and leads to other smaller rooms. Inside the caves there are multiple rooms one leading to the other. These are the best place for meditating monks to achieve the peace and quiet required for meditation. These caves are so fascinating that they still make historians wonder as to why anyone would want to come to this harsh environment.
Gujari Mahal Museum
Gwalior, one of the generally critical goals of the nation has excellent landmarks and Gujari Mahal as one of the prominent and most pulled in traveler goal put. Worked by Man Singh in the fifteenth century for his most loved spouse Mrignayani, Gujari Mahal is currently in remnants and furthermore an archeological exhibition hall as it grandstands different models, statues and different remains going back to first and second century BC. A conspicuous normal for the royal residence is the important crown with valuable stones and gems embellishments. The Central Archeological Museum at Gujari Mahal was introduced in 1922 with 28 displays showing just about 6,000 antiquities with the most seasoned being from the second century B.C. The collection of statues of eminent individual stands tall here. The accumulation of weapons comprises of twofold barrelled and camel firearms alongside swords and knifes. The accumulation of photos in the historical center incorporates the Bagh Cave sketches, 75-year-old photos of Mandu and Dhar zones, and landmarks of India are unrivaled. The Gujari Mahal existing in the Gwalior fortress is thought to be a wonder of medieval auxiliary plan.
Safdarjung Tomb, Delhi
Made of red sandstone and white marble, the Safdarjung’s Tomb is a mausoleum in Delhi which contains the remains of the Mughal prime minister Mirza Muqim Abul Mansur Khan, popularly known as Safdarjung. It is a garden tomb, similar to Humayun’s tomb. The construction of the tomb was completed in 1754. Built by Nawan Shujaud Daula, the tomb forms the centre of the complex with four quadrants of beautifully manicured lawns surrounding it. Shallow water channels lie in front of the tomb proper. This tomb attracts many visitors, both local and foreign. The tomb remains open from sunrise till sunset. This building lacks the usual ornamentation and detail that other similar structures have. This tomb is one of the vestiges of the Mughal style of architecture. But still one cannot withhold the magnificence of the tomb. It still remains one of the go-to destinations of tourists.
Ratan Singh Palace
The Ratan Singh Palace is attributed to Rana Ratan Singh II (AD 1528 – 31). Located along the Ratneshwar Talab; it is rectangular on plan and enclosed by a high wall. The main entrance is facing east through a lofty arch crowned with two pillared chhatris. A temple known as Ratneshwar Mahadeva Temple is on the north of the main gateway, which comprises of a garbhagriha, an antarala and a mandapa. The exterior of the temple is beautifully carved. The winter palace of the royal family, it overlooks a small lake. Although fairly rundown now, it is an interesting place to explore and attracts many tourists.
Arikamedu is an archaeological site on the banks of Ariyakuppam river. The site has some remains of the city which was at once a famous port town like the Amphorae Arretine ware, Roman lamps, Glassware, glass and stone beads, and guns. It was a Greek trading post having trade relations with Rome whose various evidences have been speculated. The bead factory of Arikamedu has been a world-renowned manufacturing industry. The remains of Indo-Pacific beads, Red, and Black ceramics called the megalithic stones or Pandukals which in Tamil means, Old stones. Arikamedu is full of Mango and Coconut trees and has the most picturesque view. The site can be reached between 10:00 am to 4:00 pm, there are no visiting costs.
The Rajarani temple, Bhubaneswar in the district of Khurda is located towards north-east of Lingaraj temple is one of the most beautiful temples representing a unique experiment in the field of architecture in Orissa. The temple, in all probability, referred to in the traditional sanskrit texts as Indresvara Siva temple is remarkable for its sculptural excellence, profusion of ornaments, exuberant architectural features and multiple scroll work. The present name Rajarani has been derived from a very fine grained yellowish sand stone called Rajarania in common parlance with which the entire edifice has been built. Mellowed by time, the glaring amber of the stone complements its architectural splendor.
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